Gout is an acute form of arthritis usually affecting heels, ankles, wrists or elbows but it mainly targets the big toe with severe unbearable pain, swelling and soreness of joints. It may also affect the spine strongly enough to cause back pain. Gout attacks are normally sudden and occur at night or leisure times and lasting from 5-10 days. The pain, once gone, does not mean that it is not going to come back, it may reoccur at any time.
The main cause of gout is the excessive accumulation of uric acid crystals in the tissues especially joint tissues due to high levels of uric acid circulation in the blood. Thus causing loss of mobility during the period the pain lasts for.
Gout can be diagnosed by physical examination of the patient and going through his medical history like the symptoms of the disease or any other relevant or required information. But this is not sufficient enough to confirm the indication of gout rather the doctors need to take certain tests of the blood sample or more appropriately the fluid samples from the joints and test whether the urate crystals are there or not.
Curing gout today, majorly, is done by drug therapies. Different types of drugs are available in the market and most frequently suggested by the medical practitioners like naproxen sodium, ibuprofen etc. However, these and many other drugs used for the said purpose have their own side effects like diarrhoea etc. Therefore non-medical treatments like, dietary modifications, have also been sought to cure the disease without any side effects.
Alcohol has a direct linkage with the gout, not all types of alcohol, only those with purine like beer, contribute to rising levels of uric acid in the blood, it is therefore suggested to minimize the use of alcohol or only drink it in moderation is imperative to control uric acid levels in the body and cure gout.
Drinking lots of water i.e. 3 litres a day for men and 2.2 litters a day for women as per recommendation of the institute of medicines, is beneficial as a treatment of Gout as it not only flushes out blood impurities but also helps lubricating the joints.
Being overweight is also one of the major reasons for gout as the increased weight creates excessive burden on the bones and the joints. So in curing gout, weight reduction plays a significant role. This can be done by reducing calories intake by avoiding food such as red meat, mussels, mackerel, liver, brain, kidneys, sweetbread, peas, beans etc. and regular exercising which also increases the joint mobility. However, one important thing is to make sure that weight loss should be gradual not rapid as the rapid weight loss would tend to increase uric acid levels in the body.
Balance your diet by reducing the level of purine rich food in dietary routine. Introduce low purine food in your meals like cereals, oatmeal, eggs, dairy products, pasta, celery, black cherries, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, purple grapes, oranges and potatoes as they have been known to lower uric acid in the body.