Gout, a kind of joint disease called Arthritis, occurring due to uric acid building up in the blood and thus causing joint inflammation. The two types of gout called the acute gout and the chronic gout can be differentiated on the basis of the occurrence of pain. Acute gout is characterized by a condition when a single joint is affected by the pain whereas chronic gout represents the series of repeated attacks of pain and inflammation probably involving more than one joint.
Symptoms of acute gout usually involve the big toe, knee, or ankle joints being most often affected with the pain starting all of a sudden, usually during the night and is most of the times described to be throbbing, crushing, or excruciating. The affected joint appears warm and red and is usually so tender that it hurts even if a sheet or blanket is laid over it). at times the patient might also be seen suffering from fever. The attack may go away in a few days say 5 to 10 days, but it does not mean that it is never going to come back.
Usually gout is diagnosed by physical examinations but to be 100% sure about the existence of the disease, doctors recommend their patients to undergo certain tests like Synovial fluid analysis showing uric acid crystals accumulation; blood test for uric acid; Joint x-rays which might show normality; Synovial biopsy and urine test for uric acid. it is important to quote here that not everything having uric acid confirms the existence of gout.
When it comes to the treatment of gout you want to get rid of the disease as soon as possible. Applying cold compress can be beneficial for treating inflammation and reducing swelling especially during the initial attack. When following this method apply cold compress to the affected area for 20 minutes and then take 20 minutes break before reapplying. Apply hot water bottle to provide warmth to the aching muscle area to remove stiffness in the joints, when the attack begins to ache. This is to be done after swelling has gone for 30 minutes after every 1-2 hours. Do not apply warmth to the inflammatory joints as this might make the inflammation go worst. Applying warmth to the affected area would help provide a short-term relief from pain.
To prevent stiffness and inflammation stretch the affected joints gently by slowly flexing and rotating them 2-3 times daily within comfortable limits. But in case you feel pain stop doing it. Exercises such as yoga are known to benefit arthritis sufferers. So if you are interested it is better to consult your physician or yoga consulter so that you might be able to learn safe and effective exercises for your condition.
Next is to get a good night sleep and take proper rest and relax by keeping affected joints elevated above your heart so that the blood flows smoothly. Furthermore drinking plenty of water helps not only flush out the impurities from the blood and body but also helps increase the mobility of joints. Avoid taking alcohol and purine rich food in your diet.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help patient get a quick relief by targeting the symptoms but does not check the causes of the disease.