Gout is a medical condition related to arthritis. Almost 2 million Americans are suffering from gout and are linked to abnormality of processing uric acid. This medical condition commonly affects men as compared to women. According to research, almost 95% of men are seeking medical intervention for gout treatment. Ideally, gout therapy only reduces the pain and prevents recurring attacks.
Acute gout is manifested by sudden and intense attack. The attack may lasts for three hours and subsequent attacks may happen unpredicted. The worse point about recurring gout attack is that it induces severe joint damage as well as tissues and kidneys. Once the joints are damaged it my result to loss of mobility.
Initially, gout attack involves the big toe. However, it can also affect other joints such as foot, ankle, knee, finger, wrist and elbow. Most of the gout attacks happen at night in such a way that it awaken the patient. You will notice that the affected area becomes warm, tender, red, tight and inflamed during the attack. The treatment employed by the health provider helps in alleviating the inflammation and pain as well as preventing further complications.
The gout treatment is identified based on the severity of the condition. Nevertheless, the gout therapy may be complicated if there is an existing medical condition. Otherwise, you can expect for successful gout therapy. Usually, gout treatment requires stringent medication. The physician may prescribe medications as well as recommends healthy diet plan to reduce the uric acid level. Some of the drugs prescribed to treat gout are the following:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
This drug is administered at maximum dosage but as the symptoms subside the dosage is reduced. This is the first medication given for acute gout and it alleviates the inflammation and pain within 48 hours.
This medication is used in treating acute attacks and at the same time prevents subsequent attacks. It is prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve gout flare.
This drug for gout treatment is given through intramuscular injection to patients who cannot take Colchicine or NSAIDS.
On the other hand, if the gout condition is severe, other set of medications are implemented. Some of the drugs for chronic gout are the following:
Xanthine Oxidase inhibitors
It is prescribed to reduce the production of uric acid in the body. This drug helps in reducing the production of uric acid. However, these drugs show severe side effects such as skin lesions, fever and liver dysfunction.
These agents help kidneys in getting rid excess uric acid. Likewise, they also prevent the formation of uric acid crystals in the blood. Also, reduces the risk of recurrent episodes of gout attack. The common side effects of these drugs include rashes, headache, kidney stone formation, stomach problems and bone marrow problems.
Although these medications prevent the occurrence of the gout symptoms, it also shows potential side effects. In this sense, any person suffering from gout prefers using the alternative treatments that is safe and does not lead to severe side effects.